Planting seeds outdoor is more than just putting seeds into the soil and adding water. It required you to know about the soil, the tools, the seeds, and more. Learn the right way to grow your garden from seeds outdoors.
When starting a garden for the first time, we asked ourselves many questions about how to get started and what we could do to succeed at it.
In this article, we are going to cover how to sow your seeds outdoors, plant directly to the ground.
You see, there are many ways to sow seeds, indoors, and outdoors is the most popular questions beginner are curious to know. To keep things simple, we will be talking about starting seeds outdoors instead of indoors.
We will cover indoor seed starting in another article.
Now depending on where you live, starting your garden indoor is a great way to kick start your gardening season, but there will be a time during the garden season that you will need to plant seeds for fall harvest in your garden.
Sowing seeds outdoors is a must if you are planning on gardening through fall.
Make sure you know your zone
It is essential to know and understand about your USDA Plant Hardiness Zone. You need to know what plant will thrive where you live. Find out what your zone is by clicking the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone link and type your zip code or by selecting your state.
When you find out your zone, look at your seed packet and find the direction for sowing the seed in that zone.
Know when to plant your seeds
There is a big difference when sowing your seeds indoors versus planting them outside in the ground. To find out when is the best time to plant your seeds, look at your seed packets for instructions on when to sow your seeds indoors or outdoors.
Seeds that germinate quickly are best to plant outdoors instead of indoors such as beans and squash. You will find more about what are the best seeds to sow outdoors in this article.
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How do I know what seeds will grow in the ground?
Every seed packet you buy has instructions on how far space they need when the seed is planted, estimated germination time, amount of sunlight, zone.
You must read this information before planting your seeds outdoors. They have information about planting indoors as well.
Preparing the soil for seeds
Before you plant your seeds in your outdoor garden, it is crucial to prepare the ground. If the soil is hard, it can affect seed growth.
How do you know if your garden soil is ready for seeds?
Before sowing your seeds in the ground, you must make sure your soil is not dry or too moist. It is essential to know that seeds thrive on soils that are moist and loose. This allows the seeds to grow nicely.
To test your garden soil, pick up a handful of dirt and squeeze it with your hand and form a bowl-like shape. Once your soil has a bowl-like shape, tap the soil and see if it breaks apart gently. If your soil passed this test, it is ready and in perfect condition to start your sowing process.
My garden soil is not ready and too dry to sow seeds.
If your garden soil is too dry and did not pass the test mentioned above, here is what you need to do to get your soil ready:
Water your soil, and don’t do anything until the next day. Do not plant any seeds that day.
Come back the next day and test the soil and to see if it’s ready for sowing. If the soil is too wet, come back the next day. Remember that the ground can’t be too wet for seeds, and it is OK if it takes a few days to pass be ready for seeds.
If the soil is perfect and ready for sowing, then go ahead and plant your seeds.
What are the best seeds to sow outdoors early spring?
Cool-weather plants are the best seeds to plant outdoors in early spring. You can sow:
- Swiss chard
What are the best seeds to sow outdoors?
For a beginner garden we recommend these seeds as they do well when planting directly to the ground:
- Leaf lettuce
What tools do I need to plant seeds outdoors?
To plant seeds in the ground, you can use the following tools:
- Planting stick or bamboo sticks (optional but so useful)
- Trowel (optional)
- Watering can with a rose head
How to plant seeds in the ground
To plant seeds in the soil, follow the step below:
Use a planting stick or any straight stick (ruler, yardstick), place it on the location on the ground where you want to create a row.
Use the edge of a trowel or your fingers and draw a line along the edge of your stick.
Repeat these steps and create the desired rows you need.
Place the seeds according to seed packet instructions.
Cover the seeds with seed starter soil and lightly pat the soil above them. You can use your stick to that if you wish.
Water the seeds with a watering can with a rose head to avoid excessive water pressure to the ground.
Create labels for your seeds with the sowing date and what they are. Doing this will also help to track if your seeds are geminating correctly
How to sow your seeds using a seed packet
A fast way to plant your seeds instead of using your fingers is to use your seed packet. To do this, start by creating a crease with your packet. You do this by pressing gently pressing the side of your packet and crating a V shape by the opening.
Once you have created a V shape, turn the seed packet and very slowly tap it to drop a few seeds into the ground.
Use a saltshaker to sow seeds
Another way to a salt shaker to sow your seeds add the desired seeds into the shaker and secure the lid properly.