Can you germinate seeds quickly? t seems like it takes an eternity for seeds to germinate. It can take up to three or four weeks for some seeds to germinate. Is it possible to learn how to germinate seeds in a short period of time? The sooner those seeds sprout, the sooner they will mature into plants, and the sooner we will be able to eat homegrown food.
So do you want to know how to germinate seeds quickly? Here’s how to do it.
What is seed germination?
Seed germination is a series of events that starts with seed hydration and ends with the embryonic axis (usually the radicle) rising from the seed coat.
How to speed up seed germination?
The rate of germination of vegetable seeds varies greatly depending on the soil and air temperatures. Seeds germinate faster when kept at the right temperature; chilly temperatures hinder germination. When the temperature is approximately 70 degrees Fahrenheit, most seeds germinate quickly.
Here are 4 tricks to speed up your germination.
Germinate seeds on paper towels.
A great way to germinate seeds quickly is by learning how to germinate seeds on paper towels is the first trick that many gardeners swear by. Although it may appear to be an unnecessary step, germinating seeds on paper towels can speed up the sprouting process by three times! Follow these steps:
- In the bottom of a glass or plastic container, place a folded paper towel.
- Add more water gradually until the paper towel is completely saturated; be sure there are no puddles of water.
- Close the container’s lid and place the seeds on the paper towel.
- Make a note of the type of seeds you’re growing on the lid or a separate sheet of paper. This is especially useful for sprouting seeds that are similar in appearance.
- Keep the containers out of direct sunlight to avoid the seeds being fried by trapped heat. Then begin checking the seeds on a daily basis.
- Plant the seeds into the soil as soon as small roots form on them. It’ll be difficult to remove the roots from the paper towel if they’re so long.
2. Pre-soak the seeds
Soaking seeds helps the embryo break through the shell and emerge faster by exposing it to moisture. Water enters the seed coating and causes the seeds to enlarge, and the embryo begins to plump up.
Seeds should never be soaked for more than 24 hours or they may decay. Plant them right away in soil, whether in a pot or in the ground, after 24 hours of soaking.
3. Use cold treatment for some seeds
The next strategy for rapidly germinating seeds is to use stratification, which involves exposing seeds to a period of moist cold. It fools the seeds into thinking they’re in the middle of a winter season.
Soak seeds for 24 hours before sowing in the spring, then place them in a sandwich bag half-filled with moist seed starting soil. To keep the bag chilled, place it in the refrigerator. Transfer the seeds to pots once they have sprouted and formed roots, exposing them to light and warmth.
4. Try nicking the seeds
Scarification, a technique of nicking a seed’s coat with a knife or sandpaper, is the final suggestion on how to germinate seeds quickly. This permits moisture to reach the embryo of the seed, causing it to germinate more quickly.
Before you plant the seeds, scarify them. You don’t want to expose the scarred seeds to the risk of bacteria.
Which seeds germinate quickly?
Seeds that sprout quickly are ideal for this time of year when we could all use some green and growth. Consider the following ideas to get you started:
- Lettuce – Depending on temperature and light, it usually germinates in five to ten days. For sprouting, lettuce prefers bright light and temperatures between 55 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Radish – It germinates in four to five days when sown at their ideal temperature (about 70 degrees Fahrenheit). If the soil is a little cooler or the seeds are a little older, it could take up to 10 days for them to sprout.
- Beans – Green beans sprout and grow quickly in any variety.
- Cucurbit – This family contains many plants that germinate and sprout quickly. Cucumbers, squashes, and melons are examples.
- Annual flowers – Alyssum, bachelor’s button, cosmos, and marigold are among the types that sprout quickly.
Which seeds germinate fast indoors?
Some seeds germinate and grow so swiftly that there’s no necessity to start them early inside. Corn and beans are two good examples.